Audit Insider with Dennis McGowan

Technological advances. Emerging developments. Evolving corporate reporting. The world of auditing is rapidly evolving, and it’s an exciting time to be an auditor.

As a long-time accountant, I never thought I’d be using the words “auditor” and “exciting” in the same sentence (I’m joking of course, I put those words in the same sentence often). But I do believe this is an exciting time to be involved in the world of public company audits. At the same time, these rapid developments can be difficult for audit practitioners to keep up with as they recover from finishing another busy season.

As the Vice-President, Professional Practice at the Center for Audit Quality (CAQ), I am privileged to “see inside” the audit profession, working with industry and profession leaders and capital market stakeholders in the audit space to shape the future of assurance and corporate reporting. With this monthly newsletter, my aim is to provide you with timely updates, resources, and tools that can help you – whether you’re an audit practitioner or rely on the work of auditors – better understand what’s driving audit quality, the ever-evolving role of the auditor, and developments in talent, a critical issue for the profession. Read on for what I was tracking in April.

What's new in public company audit

April was an active month for public company audit regulators and standard setters. We’re closely monitoring the following developments at the PCAOB and IAASB:


  • Modernization of auditing standards: In late March, the PCAOB issued a proposed new standard, AS 1000, General Responsibilities of the Auditor in Conducting an Audit. If adopted, the new standard will reorganize and consolidate a group of interim standards adopted by the PCAOB in April 2003 to address the core principles and responsibilities of the auditor, such as reasonable assurance, professional judgment, due professional care, and professional skepticism.
    • Our take: It’s no surprise we’re seeing the PCAOB move projects on their standard setting agenda forward (see also their proposals on quality control and the auditor’s use of confirmations). Chair Williams has been outspoken about her intent to renew the PCAOB’s focus on audit quality. These efforts to modernize auditing standards, while not finalized, are encouraging as they closely align with audit firms’ existing efforts to strengthen their quality processes and systems. The CAQ is actively analyzing the proposal and we are drafting a comment letter response to the PCAOB.
  • SEIAG meeting: The PCAOB recently convened its Standards and Emerging Issues Advisory Group (SEIAG) to discuss current standard-setting projects and other relevant topics. Some of the key takeaways:
    • The PCAOB continues to make progress on their standard setting and research projects and we expect the PCAOB will update their standard setting agenda this month. We could see projects on the mid-term agenda move to the short-term agenda.
    • The PCAOB continues to collect information to support their post-implementation reviews of recently adopted auditing standards. For example, their monitoring of CAMs has noted that the average number of CAMs per auditor’s report has declined. In the PCAOB’s monitoring of the implementation of their estimates and specialists standards they have observed firms are increasing their use of specialists and engaging them earlier in the audit.
    • Advisory group members discussed the PCAOB’s going concern standard-setting project. There were disparate views on what qualifies as a going concern and when substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern should be disclosed in an auditor’s report. Advisory group members were largely supportive of the PCAOB taking on going concern as a standard-setting project. However, there were differing views by stakeholder groups as to exactly how to proceed to meet the needs of investors. As one SEIAG member put it, “going concern is branding a dead horse dead.”
    • We look forward to tuning into future PCAOB SEIAG meetings. In the March meeting the PCAOB staff announced the next meeting is expected to be hybrid and take place in June.
  • Check out these latest Spotlights from the PCAOB:


  • IAASB: Audit Evidence: The CAQ submitted our comment letter in response to the IAASB’s Proposed International Standard on Auditing 500 (Revised) Audit Evidence and Proposed Conforming and Consequential Amendments to Other ISAs. The CAQ supports the Board’s stated objectives in the Exposure Draft, which includes clarifying the concept of sufficient appropriate audit evidence and the key public interest issues the Board seeks to address through the proposed changes. Specifically, we support the Board’s goal to develop a principles-based approach for making judgments about information intended to be used as audit evidence. Overarchingly, we have two primary concerns: Elements in the Explanatory Memorandum are not sufficiently incorporated into ED-500 and ED-500 could go further to accommodate the use of technology. Read our full comment letter here.
  • 2022-2023 Work plan: The CAQ submitted a comment letter in response to the IAASB’s 2022-2023 work plan. Overall, we are pleased that the Work Plan focuses on standard setting that supports the performance of high-quality audit and assurance engagements, addressing both the core needs for audits of financial statements and the growing demand for assurance engagements on other subject matters such as sustainability information. Our specific comments focus on 1) the importance of consistency in global auditing and assurance standards; 2) the value of seeking multi-stakeholder input at both the strategic and standard-setting levels; and 3) the importance of transparency in standard setting. Read our full comment letter here.
  • Late breaking news: At its April meeting, the IAASB announced its intention to advance the consultation on its proposed new standard for sustainability assurance. Subject to the expected IAASB approval of the Exposure Draft in June, stakeholders can now expect the public consultation on the proposed sustainability standard to open in the latter part of July or early August 2023 and extend into December 2023.
  • New exposure draft: In March 2023, the IAASB approved an exposure draft for Going Concern. The proposed revised Going Concern standard was issued for public consultation in late April 2023 with a 120-day consultation period. The CAQ is analyzing the proposal and will be drafting a comment letter in response to the IAASB.

From the CAQ

Audit Quality

Audit quality in the U.S. has never been higher, but in light of economic uncertainty, emerging developments, and demands on talent, audit practitioners should remain up to speed on the latest developments impacting audit quality. Read on for recent news, tools, and resources.

Audit Quality Reports Analysis: A Year in Review

Many audit firms publish audit quality reports voluntarily to communicate with stakeholders about information they utilize to maintain, promote, and strengthen audit quality at their firms. The CAQ recently analyzed these reports to assess how audit firms – particularly the most recent audit quality report for each of the eight accounting firms represented on the CAQ’s Governing Board – describe their approaches to supporting and maintaining high audit quality. We observed over 100 unique qualitative disclosures and quantitative audit quality metrics in our analysis and found that while there is no single indicator or metric to measure audit quality each firm’s audit quality report is tailored to its specific facts and circumstances and may change over time.

Our analysis found that audit firms remain committed to transparency into how an accounting firm defines, approaches, and executes its audit quality mission. For examples of the qualitative and quantitative metrics used in audit quality reports, read the full analysis here.

The Evolving Role of the Auditor

April 22nd marked Earth Day, but at the CAQ we are thinking about greenhouse gas emissions on more than just this one day. When it comes to climate information and expectations for corporate disclosures, the CAQ is tracking the latest regulatory developments.

Awaiting the SEC’s final climate rule 

The SEC continues to work on its final climate-related disclosure rule. The staff at the SEC has its work cut out for them as they work through thousands of comment letters they received from interested stakeholders. As we await the SEC’s final rule, the CAQ analyzed twenty-nine companies that the SEC initiated correspondence with from July 1, 2022, through December 31, 2022, regarding their climate-related disclosures in Form 10-K filings. We found that when companies provide quantitative climate-related information, that information most often pertains to capital expenses, costs associated with physical risks, compliance costs, and carbon credit or offset costs. A few takeaways of the analysis:

  • There is little uniformity in the definition or determination of climate-related capital expenses.
  • When a company described costs associated with physical climate-related risks they were typically costs incurred due to property damage from severe weather events.
  • Climate-related compliance costs were often described as the expenses incurred to comply with federal and state climate-related laws.
  • Roughly two-thirds of the companies indicated that they did not purchase carbon credits or offsets during the reporting period.

Why the CPA? 

We teamed up with the AICPA to develop a resource that explores the increasing demand for independently assured ESG information – and why the CPA is best positioned to provide this assurance. Check out this resource, Corporate Decision Making: Why choose a CPA for your ESG assurance needs, to learn more.

Talent Spotlight

The CAQ is committed to working with audit firms to address issues related to talent, including the pipeline and gaps in diverse representation. Each month, I’ll spotlight our efforts on this critical issue.

The Center for Audit Quality and EVERFI Create Limitless Opportunities in the Accounting Field

In April, I had the opportunity to join the CAQ and EVERFI, the nation’s leading social impact education innovator, at H.D. Woodson STEM High School in Washington, D.C. to celebrate the launch of Accounting Careers: Limitless Opportunities, an interactive course that covers the extensive benefits accounting skills can provide in business or in daily life, including contexts like entrepreneurship, investing, and personal finance. The course aligns with Jump$tart National Standards in K-12 Personal Finance Education, ASCA National Standards, and Common Career Technical Core standards, and is being rolled out in high schools nationwide. Check out this story on the event in Accounting Today, CAQ and Everfi launch accounting education DEI program.

Fun fact for the football fans in this audience: The event was moderated by Dhani Jones, who began his career in the NFL playing with the New York Giants, Philadelphia Eagles (my hometown team…go birds!) and Cincinnati Bengals. But these days, he’s focused on more philanthropic efforts, like helping students understand the benefits of a career in accounting.

This month's Audit Insider

Each month I will feature a special guest, an audit insider, who is leading our profession in exciting and emerging areas. As April is Earth Month, it seemed very fitting to feature Kristen Sullivan of Deloitte who is leading our profession to do great things when it comes to Sustainability and ESG efforts.

Read on for my Q&A with Kristen:

  1. What is your view on an auditor’s role with respect to the ESG or sustainability reporting movement?
    • Sustainability reporting can enable companies to communicate to the capital markets information about their long-term value creation risks and opportunities – it is becoming one of the biggest business transformation opportunities in a generation. Auditors have been performing assurance on sustainability reporting for more than a decade, and assurance can drive trust and confidence in the data which in turn can improve the board’s confidence and the trust of stakeholders. If they’re making decisions on incomplete data, that’s fuel for inefficiency and risk. For many companies, the governance and control environment will need to quickly mature to get into alignment with traditional corporate reporting. Auditors apply professional standards, no different than the financial statement audit, and we have professional requirements around independence, objectivity, professional skepticism, and quality control. Given rulemaking proposed in multiple jurisdictions, the auditors’ may increasingly be requested to perform ESG attestation services, which can accelerate rigorous and financially relevant reporting.
  2. ​​​​​What can auditors be considering in advance of the SEC climate rules?
    • We don’t know where the final rule will land, but we do know that the importance of governance, an effective control environment, and independent assurance will likely be central to capital markets’ expectation around ESG information. Assurance is an important component of an effective governance structure and can act as a tool to help companies accelerate more rapidly around the discipline and rigor of anticipated enhanced ESG reporting requirements. I suggest auditors who have not been as close to the ESG reporting evolution quickly gain an understanding of what is driving the demand for material and reliable climate-related information. I encourage all auditors to embrace the opportunity to be catalysts in this evolution in corporate reporting. Data from Deloitte’s recent Sustainability action report shows:
      • Nearly all executives (96%) plan to seek external assurance for the next reporting cycle.
      • 61% are already seeking external assurance. 35% first time seeking external assurance
      • The CAQ’s The Role of the Auditor in Climate-Related Information is also a terrific resource to learn more.
  3. What makes you passionate about your role as Deloitte’s Global Audit & Assurance Sustainability and Climate Services Leader?  


See you next month Audit Insider.

Dennis McGowan

Vice President, Professional Practice and Anti-Fraud Initiatives